Loimotomia: Or The PEST AnatomizedTHOMSON, George, M.D.
In these following particulars, viz. 1. The Material Cause; 2. The Efficient Cause; 3. The Subject Part; 4. The Signs; 5. An Historical Accounte of the Dissection of of a Pestilential Body by the Author; and the Consequents thereof. 6. Reflecttions and Observations on the foresaid Dissection. 7. Directions Preservative and Curative against the Pest. Together with the Authors Apology against the Calumnies of the Galenists: and a Word to Mr Nath: Hodges, concerning his late Vindiciae Medicinae.
London: Printed for Nath: Crouch. 1666.
First edition. Small 8vo. (140x80mm). pp. [xvi], 189, [iii, list of books sold]. Full calf, five raised bands, six compartments, second compartment has red label with short Greek title in gilt. Binding is fine. Contents are very good with some foxing and discolouration. Some minor wormholes in the lower margins of pp. 163 to the end. Lacks frontispiece.
Tipped in is a note from an earlier owner, Lord Kennet of the Dene: "The writer is an iatro-chemist, a follower of Van Helmont against the traditional Galinists. 1648, d. 1679. see D.N.B. Odd that when this nonsense was written, Boyle was 40 & Sydenham 42". Also tipped in is a note: "From Formosa Place Library".
George Thomson (act. 1648–1679) was a physician, medical writer and pamphleteer. With others, he attempted to create a "College of Chemical Physicians", a rival to the established Royal College of Physicians. He rejected the traditional Galenic approach to medicine and argued against medical bloodletting, purging and the doctrine of curing by "contraries". Thomson studied in the Netherlands, taking his degree at the University of Leiden. He was influenced by the scientific and medical ideas of Jan Baptist van Helmont. Thomson lived in London during the Great Plague of 1665 which reached its appalling climax in September when during the third week alone some 8,000 to 12,000 are reckoned to have perished. In Loimotomia, Thomson, criticised those members of the Royal College of Physicians who left the city during the plague. He accused them of running away and "leaving this great city destitute of their help, when it most needed it". Thomson made a special study of the symptoms of the plague and wrote several works about the phenomenon, including this work to discover the cause through postmortem examination. It was subsequently published in Latin and German versions.